Self-referred community members non mandated by court may call to schedule an intake at any time.
Teras has been approved for court ordered referral by the local supervising authority. At this time, due to low referral rates by local authorities-any DV programming would have to occur during individual sessions. Ironically, the domestic violence probation unit in your jurisdiction may not allow you to attend individual sessions only even though Teras complies with SB 81 Rules for Batterer Intervention Programs. Until local supervising authorities change their referral practices we will not be able to fully participate in the coordinated community response to domestic violence by providing group based intervention. 
COURT ORDERED REFERRAL PROCEDURE: Please contact your referral source and let them know this is your preferred program and send a referral report or complete the agency referral form before you schedule your first intake appointment. 
Then call and schedule an appointment. 503-719-5250  
Domestic Violence Program Policies,Values and Pricing                                      
Teras offers a local supervisory approved domestic violence intervention program for men and women perpetrators of intimate partner violence. 
Throughout the program, safety for adults and children who have been abused or at risk of being abused is our highest concern. 
The Domestic Violence Intervention and Alcohol and Other Drug Outpatient program is informed by, and accountable to, the experience of victims and survivors of abuse and the vast knowledge of grassroots domestic violence advocacy and addiction recovery movements. 
Victim's experiences and responses to abuse are not universal; therefore, the program must respect the rights and individual differences of survivors at all times. The program is guided by the following principles and philosophy:

Values of the Domestic Violence Intervention Program for Perpetrators

Violence is a choice- and individuals who abuse are solely responsible for their actions.
We agree with the premise that domestic violence is criminal activity and is learned behavior, and is therefore changeable. Violence, other than for self defense, cannot be justified by the victim's behavior and can never be condoned. Batterers are to be held accountable for all acts of abusive and intimidating behavior as they are solely responsible for their actions.

Anger does not cause violence- Violence is a chosen medium through which one communicates anger (Gondolf, Hanneken 1987).
Anger is used as a controlling technique which, if ineffective, escalates into violence. Our program focuses on the values and beliefs that encourage abuse and control and de-emphasizes the use of anger management techniques as a means to remain non abusive.

People abuse to control - not because of a loss of control.

Abuse is not the result of a loss of emotional control and is not necessarily accompanied by anger. Often the opposite is true. The abuse is controlled and focused on outcomes that favor the abusive person.
A group environment is the preferred method of intervention and education-. In special situations a group may not be the best intervention.. We base this decision on clinical evaluation and not client preference. 

Our groups are led by trained co-facilitators, within an established curriculum which includes strategies to hold the offender accountable for the violence in the relationship. The discussion of violent and coercive incidents during a group session is used as a means to identify and confront the specific controlling behaviors and beliefs promoting it in order to achieve an end to those behaviors.

Alcohol and drug use is not the cause of domestic violence- but it often amplifies the severity of violence.
Group members are required to maintain abstinence the day of the group being attended and anyone who presents with alcohol or other drug addiction will be referred to our in house addictions program or to a residential treatment center in the community. Anyone with alcohol restrictions on their probation requirements will be required by the program to remain abstinent throughout the entire program.

Mental illness does not cause domestic abuse- and is no excuse for abusing another person.

Far too often people with mental illness are the ones being abused but the stigma of mental illness has transferred into the collective opinion that domestic violence offenders must be mentally ill. We strive to end this public perception through a variety of public education outreach programs

An end to violence will only occur when a community responds- and an abuser assumes full accountability for abusive behavior.
Services for domestic violence offenders should not exist in isolation. Teras DVIP is but one element of a comprehensive community plan to stop domestic violence. Teras shall maintain cooperative working relationships with domestic violence victim advocacy agencies and shall use their advice and direction in programming decisions. Teras will participate in and have knowledge of the activities of the local Family Violence Council.

Abuse does not discriminate-Although men are the primary source of severe abuse in most intimate relationships, abuse is not dependent on gender, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or age. We offer gender and culturally specific intervention when possible and refer clients out to the appropriate agency if we cannot fulfill their needs.  

Domestic Violence and Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse is an emergency health crisis and needs to be addressed immediately; therefore we seek to provide equal access to services for all - including the person doing the abusing.

    Teras Intervention Financial Policy

Pricing is subject to income level and other factors. Cost includes any individual intervention or additional weekly DV groups as deemed appropriate for the program goals and client’s progress.  Additional groups, such as alcohol and drug treatment may be billed to insurance or cost an additional fee for cash paying clients. 

Advanced payment is strongly encouraged and positively reinforced with discount price levels for groups. 

Given the many payment options we provide for our clients, there is no excuse for not completing our program due to financial difficulty.  Our main goal in the domestic violence intervention program is the safety of their victims and society.  Thus, by providing payment alternatives, we ensure that our clients continue to make beneficial life changes by remaining in the program consistently and discontinue their abusive behavior.

Financial agreement for clients

Each client will have a signed financial fee agreement with conditions of payment.  If these conditions are not met, the client’s program enrollment will be terminated unless other payment options have been established.  Alternative payment options include vouchers from community referral agencies and natural support systems (such as churches, synagogues, mosques, or other spiritual community resources) or vouchers from The Department of Human Services Child Welfare Department.

For clients who are unemployed, truly indigent or on disability, we offer the alternative payment options:  Credit for community service available to offset the cost of groups. 

Program Policy and Procedures

Attendance and tardiness policies: Following the four-part intake, participants will be involved in the program for at least 48 weekly, one and a half hour sessions.  Upon program completion, participants will begin a three-month transition period, consisting of at least one group session per month and any additional sessions deemed necessary by the program. Individuals will be allowed a maximum of one absence per twelve-week cycle, and three late arrivals will equal one absence.  Clients who do not make the group by the required time will not have to pay for the session, but they will not receive credit.  Anyone who misses more than three sessions in a twelve-week cycle may be dismissed from the program.  Any dismissal from the program will include the full cooperation and consultation of the referring agency and be conducted at the discretion of the program.

Absentee notification policy: Anyone who misses more than one group will receive a probation notification.  Participants on probation may also receive notification or even disciplinary action from referents.  As the program participant is responsible for communicating with probation and other referring agencies, Teras Interventions accepts no liability for such consequences.  If situations arise that require clients to make an adjustment in their group participation, we will assess each case individually in order to appropriately determine the need for accountability or accommodation. 

Completion requirements: Each client must attend  group sessions and complete all program assignments as determined at the time of intake.  Any additional program assignments will be given on a needs basis at the facilitator’s discretion.  No clients will achieve program completion until they have met all personal program goals, made all payments, and completed the final exit interview and Continuing Accountability Plan.  Before program completion, all referents will be notified for consultation.  In some cases, a formal notification will be given to the victim, informing them of the perpetrators release from our program.  Victims will also be notified if a client is released before program completion.  Our program discharge criteria are research-based and dependent on client self-reports and program staff assessments.  Successful completion of a domestic violence intervention program does not guarantee that an individual will not repeat abusive behavior.  We will not testify as to the appropriateness or inappropriateness of child custody placements or the modification/removal of no contact orders.

Group format: Co-facilitation: Whenever possible, Teras Intervention groups are conducted by at least one male and one female in order to establish an egalitarian model of intervention, which increases accountability and models healthy egalitarian relationships based on the mutual respect of each facilitator.  The group curriculum will focus on accountability, social influences, power and control, and patriarchal structures that lead to abuse.

Colluding and accountability policy: We promote high standards of accountability to prevent colluding from staff members, either overtly or inadvertently. Facilitators are required to model appropriate relationships at all times, and any deviation from this policy may result in disciplinary action in the form of a report to the local family violence council.  Staff and contracting agents will receive ongoing training in colluding and its impact on victim safety.  Regular client staffing will be conducted to better ensure that an objective and consistent standard is being applied to all clients at all stages of the program.  Advocacy agencies are welcomed to observe and assess our program policies and procedures and recommend necessary changes in accordance with our financial and personnel resources.


Culturally specific programming for spiritually oriented men: Men desiring to experience an intervention model with a spiritual emphasis can add the Changing Men Changing Lives curriculum supplement to our standard intervention groups.  Building on our main curriculum, A Process of Change for Men who Batter, and the Alternatives to Domestic Aggression curriculum the supplement extends the foundation of our work to end battering, while exploring partnership and Biblical equality.  The supplement adapts the content of both the Equality Wheel and Power & Control Wheel to a Christian perspective, and includes activities and exercises that help men become all they can be in Christ.  We believe the character of Christ epitomizes several vital attributes which reinforce healthy human interaction.  These attributes include humbleness, accountability, a desire to serve and encourage others, tolerance, and a commitment to love those around us. 

Committed to Evidence-Based Practices: We will maintain friendly and open relationships with local and national researchers and utilize current research to continually update our programming, policies and procedures, and required staff training.  We acknowledge that we are incapable of knowing every best practice without the continued relationship with advocates and researchers in the area of domestic violence intervention, trauma recovery, substance misuse, and other issues that concern us.

Our Curriculum Resources

Please email the program director Phil Broyles at info@terasinc.org  to request and receive any materials.

Creating a Process of Change for Men Who Batter

This manual only contains curricula and does not make up the so-called “Duluth Model”.  We strive to make our program evidenced-based and research-driven and recognize that the Duluth Curriculum has been criticized by some as being ineffective.  However, the Duluth model and curriculum for BIP’s are dependent upon a community-coordinated response and are not stand-alone interventions for violence.  They are also dependent upon the skill of staff members who implement the interventions.  Thus, until we discover a more effective evidence-based, research-guided curriculum, we will continue to use some of the Duluth Curriculum in combination with other curriculum resources.

(For an article concerning the Duluth Curriculum and outcome studies see http://www.duluth-model.org/.)

Man to Man

These education workbooks and materials make up part of our primary curriculum requirements and are based on the work of Edward W. Gondolf, EdD, MPH, from the University of Pittsburgh (www.iup.edu/maati).  This 50-page, reader-friendly book contains personal accounts and basic exercises which encourage men to start working toward change while reinforcing domestic violence intervention strategies.  The book contains five short chapters, including: “Facing the Facts,” “But I'm not Abusive!,” “It's Not My Fault!,” “What Can I Do about Abuse?,” and “How Do I Change.”

Alternatives to Domestic Aggression (ADA)

These three materials are excellent cognitive behavior change workbooks and are free to print for program use. Furthermore, all curriculum resources used in our program will be available for anyone to view and download on our website.

Christian Focus Program

In combination with our main Duluth curriculum, the Christ-focused voluntary program material extends the foundation of our work on ending battering while exploring partnership and Biblical equality.  The supplement adapts the Equality Wheel and Power & Control Wheel information to a Christian perspective and contains activities and exercises that help men become all they can be in Christ.

We firmly believe that God made man and woman in His image and equal representations of all aspects of His person.  We believe God is both masculine and feminine in nature and brings the fullness of His presence into the lives of believers when they unite in marriage.

We also acknowledge that some programs deny this fact and even discourage men from seeking spiritual support for fear of colluding within a hierarchical and patriarchal Christian community.  While we recognize this dynamic exists in some church communities, we also know that it is not God’s design for our lives and communities.  Therefore, we continue to reach out to the Christian community, asking difficult questions and challenging theology which promotes the systemic oppression of women in any form.  We also accept support from communities that acknowledge the equality of women and promote our program and community partnership goals.

                                                                                             Groups for Women

Groups for women are tailored to each woman's needs. Individual sessions are available if no groups are in session. 

VISTA: A Program for Women
Vista is a 20-week curriculum addressing women's use of force in relationships. Within Vista, women explore the motivations, intent and consequences for their actions. Vista emphasizes that the use of force is not appropriate and teaches healthy alternatives. Group topics include Identifying Forceful Behaviors, Anger, Defense Mechanisms, Healthy Boundaries, Effects of Force on Children, Conflict Resolution and Healthy Relationships.

Usually in combination  with:

Treatment of Women Arrested for Domestic Violence: Women ending abusive/violent episodes respectfully (WEAVER) Manual. (2003) 

For secondary and primary aggressors with alcohol and or drug addiction and trauma; Seeking Safety Recovery Groups for Women

The mental and emotional distress faced by women experiencing serious abuse is overwhelming.  Almost half the women reporting serious domestic violence meet the criteria for major depression, one-fourth for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).  Furthermore, 28 percent have symptom scores as high as a norming group of persons entering outpatient treatment (Goodwin et al., 2003).

We offer the Seeking Safety recovery from PTSD and substance abuse (www.seekingsafety.org) as a supplemental intervention tool for women in recovery from abuse and substance disorders.

Seeking Safety is an evidence-based practice, meeting field criteria as an effective treatment for PTSD/substance abuse (Chambless & Hollon 1998).

Program discharge criteria

Our program is not time based and contains very specific and strict criteria which abusive men must fulfill before receiving a letter of completion for probation requirements.  As we do not have a one-size-fits-all program, each person must complete a personalized behavioral adjustment plan with clearly outlined goals and objectives.  However, in order to complete our program, participants must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • Achieve a letter of Accountability and possess a continuing plan for accountability after program completion (established in accordance with the client’s learning skills and style). “Accountability letter” refers to a basic principal and not necessarily to a tangible letter.
  • Meet the Oregon BIP attendance requirements of a minimum of 36-48 weekly, one-and-a-half hour groups.
  • Obtain documented competency in the following areas:
    • An understanding of control and risk management and a widened definition of abuse
    • An exhibition of entitlement thinking, emotion identification, behavior change, acceptance of abuse, and both self-disclosure and active engagement in group
    • A recognition of the impact of abuse and comprehension of societal influences
    • A commitment to and demonstration of nonviolence, sensitive language, and sobriety in the program
    • A satisfactory attendance record
    • No re-arrests in program due to DV or other criminal behavior (Gondolf 1995)(Mandel 2002)

Sources

Chambless & Hollon (1998). Defining empirically supported therapies. Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 7-18.

Department of Justice (2005). Selected Research Results on Violence Against Women.http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/topics/crime/violence-against-women/selected-results.htm.

Edward, Gondolf, & Hanneken, J. (1987). The gender warrior: reformed batterers on abuse, treatment, and change. Journal of Family Violence, 2, 177-191.

Gondolf, Edward (1995) Discharge Criteria for Batterer Programs.http://www.mincava.umn.edu/documents/gondolf/discharge/discharge.html#id2571636.

Goodwin, S.N., Chandler, S., Meisel, J. (2003). Violence Against Women: The Role of Welfare Reform. from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/205792.pdf.

Federal Register (2007), 72(15), 3147–3148.

Mandel, D. (2002). Did he successfully complete the program? Issues in Family Violence, 4(4).

Sharps, P., Campbell, J.C., Campbell, D., Gary, F., & Webster, D. (2003). Risky Mix: Drinking, Drug Use, and Homicide. In Intimate Partner Homicide, NIJ Journal, 250, 8-13.

Shepard, M.F., Falk, D.R., Elliot, B.A. (2002). Enhancing coordinated community responses to reduce recidivism in cases of domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(5), 551-569. 

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